Lacto Ovo Vegetarian

A lacto-ovo vegetarian follows a diet that excludes all meat, fish and poultry, but includes dairy products and eggs. The dietary requirements of a lacto-ovo vegetarian are the same as those of people who choose to consume meat. However, lacto-ovo vegetarians need to be especially conscious of obtaining adequate protein, iron and vitamin B12. The summer 2003 position statement of the American Dietetic Association holds that vegetarian diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate and may help to reduce the risk of certain diseases.

Lacto-Ovo Vegetarian Health

A mounting body of medical research indicates that vegetarian diets are not only nutritionally equivalent to omnivorous diets, but that they may also offer distinct health advantages. The benefits associated with a vegetarian diet include a lower intake of saturated fats and higher consumption of complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber, folic acid, carotenoids and vitamins C and E. Population-level evidence indicates that, on average, vegetarians tend to have a lower risk of obesity, heart disease, hypertension, osteoporosis and certain cancers and digestive disorders. A 2005 article published in the journal “Forum of Nutrition” observes that most nutritional deficiencies in vegetarian diets do not relate to the inability to obtain adequate nutrients through vegetarian food sources, but rather to poor meal planning.